5G is the fifth generation mobile network. It is a new global wireless standard after 1G, 2G, 3G and 4G networks. 5G technology enables a new kind of network designed to connect almost everyone and everything together, including machines, things, and devices. 5G wireless technology aims to provide higher data rates of several gigabits per second, ultra-low latency, increased reliability, massive network capacity, higher availability, and a more consistent user experience for more users. High performance and improved efficiency enable new user experiences and connect industries
Differences between the previous generations of mobile networks and 5G
Previous generations of mobile networks are 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G.
The first generation – 1g
1980s: 1G offered analog sound.
The second generation – 2G
Early 1990s: The second generation network introduced digital audio (such as CDMA – Code Division Multiple Access).
Third generation (3G
Early 2000s: 3G brought mobile data (like CDMA2000).
Fourth generation: 4G LTE
The first decade of the 21st century: 4G LTE ushered in the era of mobile broadband.
1G, 2G, 3G and 4G led to 5G designed to provide more connectivity than was previously available.
5G is a more capable unified air interface. It is designed with expanded capabilities to enable next-generation user experiences, enable new deployment models, and deliver new services.
With high speeds, great reliability and low latency, 5G will expand the mobile ecosystem to new areas. 5G technology will impact all industries, making safe transportation, remote healthcare, precision agriculture, digital logistics, and more a reality.
Where is 5G being used?
Broadly speaking, 5G is used in three main types of connected services, including enhanced mobile broadband, mission-critical communications, and the massive Internet of Things. The defining capability of 5G is that it is designed for the future – the ability to flexibly support future services currently unknown.
Enhanced mobile broadband
In addition to enhancing our smartphones, 5G mobile technology can usher in immersive new experiences like virtual reality and augmented reality with faster and more consistent data speeds, lower latency, and lower cost per bit.
5G can enable new services that can transform industries through highly reliable, accessible, and low-latency links, such as remote control of critical infrastructure, vehicles, and medical procedures.
The massive internet of things
The 5G network aims to seamlessly connect the myriad of sensors embedded in almost everything through the ability to reduce data rates, power and mobility, providing extremely affordable and affordable connectivity solutions.